Equipped with the right applications, a computer can be of great help in virtually any domain of activity. When it comes to designing and precision, no other tool is as accurate as a computer. Moreover, specialized applications such as AutoCAD give you the possibility to design nearly anything ranging from art, to complex mechanical parts or even buildings.
Suitable for business environments and experienced users
After a decent amount of time spent installing the application on your system, you are ready to fire it up. Thanks to the office suite like interface, all of its features are cleverly organized in categories. At a first look, it looks easy enough to use, but the abundance of features it comes equipped with leaves room for second thoughts.
Create 2D and 3D objects
You can make use of basic geometrical shapes to define your objects, as well as draw custom ones. Needless to say that you can take advantage of a multitude of tools that aim to enhance precision. A grid can be enabled so that you can easily snap elements, as well as adding anchor points to fully customize shapes.
With a little imagination and patience on your behalf, nearly anything can be achieved. Available tools allow you to create 3D objects from scratch and have them fully enhanced with high-quality textures. A powerful navigation pane is put at your disposal so that you can carefully position the camera to get a clearer view of the area of interest.
Various export possibilities
Similar to a modern web browser, each project is displayed in its own tab. This comes in handy, especially for comparison views. Moreover, layouts and layers also play important roles, as it makes objects handling a little easier.
Sine the application is not the easiest to carry around, requiring a slightly sophisticated machine to properly run, there are several export options put at your disposal so that the projects itself can be moved around.
Aside from the application specific format, you can save as an image file of multiple types, PDF, FBX and a few more. Additionally, it can be sent via email, directly printed out on a sheet of paper, or even sent to a 3D printing service, if available.
To end with
All in all, AutoCAD remains one of the top applications used by professionals to achieve great precision with projects of nearly any type. It encourages usage with incredible offers for student licenses so you get acquainted with its abundance of features early on. A lot can be said about what it can and can't do, but the true surprise lies in discovering it step-by-step.







AutoCAD 24.1

When you install and run AutoCAD, you can instantly start drawing objects in the screen. You can also input and output DWG files and you can manage a lot of features with mouse clicks and hotkeys. The GUI is also consistent with the configuration of the application. You can draw, move and resize the objects in your drawings. If you want to change a specific drawing tool, you can find the available drawing tools with a small button in the bottom right corner of the screen. You can also enter drawing tools through menus or keyboard shortcuts.

Below you can find the list of all the most commonly used AutoCAD keyboard shortcuts for each drawing tool.


For Desktop app


There are actually no separate hotkeys for starting the drawing window and exiting from it. The ESC key can be used as a shortcut for opening the drawing window, and the key combination ALT+F3 can be used as a shortcut for exiting the application.

Menu & Properties

You can access the menu options and properties of the application through various menu items and the keyboard shortcut menu. Some of the most useful ones are:

Activate Application.

Opens the application window.


Exit Application.


Opens the recent files list.


Save as.

Export to DWG.

Opens the menu to select export format.

Load From DWG.

Opens the dialog box to select the input file.


This tool duplicates the current drawing by creating a new copy of the drawing.


Refreshes the displayed area by creating a new copy of the drawing.

Simplify Geometry.

Simplifies the geometry using all the tools available for creating geometry, like, line, polyline, arc, circle, ellipse, polygon, text, blocks, etc.

Simplify Curves.

Simplifies the geometry of the curves by following the Path option and smoothing the curves using the toolbar.

Simplify Surface.

Simplifies the geometry of the surface using the tools available for creating geometry, like, line, polyline, arc, circle, ellipse, polygon, text, blocks, etc.

Draw Type

Opens the dropdown menu

AutoCAD 24.1 Crack + (Updated 2022)

AutoCAD Download With Full Crack Architecture was an add-on architecture product created for AutoCAD from 1999 to 2007, and included more than 30 additional features. Architectural features include 2D and 3D modeling, surface modeling, surface annotation, hatching, automatic window and door framing, flooring, and bulk, layer and surface modeling.

Additional architectural features include:
Base-and-Top, Bottom-and-Top and a modified floor-and-wall topology
Walls can be built in place and any space between walls will be filled with a material of the same color as the wall.
Two identical faces of a wall can be created.
Walls can have complex taper angles.
Intersection gaps between walls can be closed with built-in ties.
Walls and floors can be built in place. Walls can be on ceilings or floors. Floors can be on walls.
Walls are color-coded (different heights are different colors). The color is the same as that of the corresponding section in the building model.
Floor sections can be outlined.
Floor sections can be labeled.
Floor sections can be shaded.
Floor sections can be tagged and have tags that can be colored.
Floor sections can be nested.
Intersections between floors are colored and have no intersection gaps.
Floors can be colored.
Doorways can be closed.
Doorways can be open.
Window/door sections can be labeled.
Windows/doors can be marked as raised or lower than the surrounding floor or wall.
Window/door sections can be shaded.
Windows/doors can be closed or open.
Window/door sections can be tagged.
Windows/doors can be grouped with other windows/doors or doors/windows of the same type.
Windows/doors can be fitted together.
A “hatch” option can be provided, which allows windows and doors to be created with a set of specific features.
A “stair” option can be provided, which allows windows and doors to be created with a set of specific features.

See also
Comparison of CAD editors for CAE
Comparison of CAD editors for PLM
Comparison of CAD editors for VDA
Comparison of computer-aided design editors
List of CAD editors


External links

Annotate and manage the CAD drawing in the AutoCAD Architecture toolset
AutoCAD User Forum, wiki.autodesk.com

AutoCAD 24.1 Crack

– Launch the program
– Press the “load” key on your keyboard to open the model
– Press the “SAVE” key on your keyboard to save the model
– Press the “FINISH” key on your keyboard to exit the model

More information about Autocad

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The Autodesk, Autocad and Acceledwar names and logos are registered trademarks or trademarks of Autodesk, Inc.

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How to define an algorithm in Sage that generates all possible combinations

I want to generate all possible combinations of n objects, defined by an item_list that has n possible items.
Let’s say we have a list [A, B, C, D, E]
How can I make a function in Sage that takes the number of items and generates all possible combinations (with repetitions) of those items?
sage: A, B, C, D, E
sage: function(n, item_list)
sage: A, B, C, D, E
sage: A, B, C, E, D
sage: A, B, C, D, E
sage: A, B, D, C, E
sage: A, B, D, E, C
sage: A, C, B, D, E
sage: A, C, B, E, D
sage: A, C, B, D, E
sage: A, D, B, C, E
sage: A, D, B, C, E
sage: A, D, B, E, C
sage: A, D, B, E, C
sage: A, E, B, D, C
sage: A, E, B, C, D
sage: A, E, B, D, C
sage: E, B, A, D, C
sage: E, B, A, C, D
sage: E, B


What’s New In AutoCAD?

AutoCAD will be able to import selected AutoCAD drawings that you’ve previously saved as a JPG or PDF (or with the rasterize command). AutoCAD will automatically save the imported drawing as a new drawing. You can then quickly replace it with the original drawing, since you will not lose any additional edits.

Markup Assist now adds layers and dimensions to the Symbol Editor. You can also add surface and edge information to Dimensions and Text styles.

This is also now possible within the Text Editor in DesignCenter for the vector and raster text.

The History panel in the “Undo Record” menu now displays the most recent 1,000 changes. You can access the previous history records via the menu or “History” button on the toolbar.

Advanced Options:

The Options dialog has a number of new additions including:

New ribbon and toolbar icons, including a full symbol library, a revised drawing and annotation palette, and more.

A combined set of floating and Docked tabs for the Drawing, View, and Drawing Tools tabs of the ribbon.

Ribbons that open in the context of a specific object (e.g., for the parts of a label).

The new Extensibility Options panel in Options, which displays the available extensibility features (e.g., extension libraries, tools, command menus, property sheets, macros) for the selected application.

The new Filtering Options panel, which includes filter controls for the List and Tree views of a Drawing Window or a Viewport.

A newly added “Open As Macro” command in the File menu that opens a drawing file as a macro.

Acceleration Options panel, which includes: the ability to selectively use a hardware graphics acceleration (GPU) driver for drawing tasks; the ability to specify, per-program, the default resolution of bitmap images; and the ability to override the default column widths for the Drawing, View, Toolbars, and Ribbon tabs.

Selection Options panel: the ability to increase the speed at which the selection cursors display when over a large area of the drawing.

Object Structure Options: You can now change a drawing’s default object structure, regardless of the current layout.

Text Options: The ability to specify how a text property is displayed.

Video Options: The ability to specify the default screen color and image name

System Requirements:

Supported graphics cards: NVIDIA GeForce GTX 460 or AMD Radeon HD 4870
DirectX version 9.0c
Minidumps enabled
Windows Vista, Windows 7, or Windows 8 operating system
20GB hard disk space
128MB video RAM (NVIDIA GeForce GTX 460 and AMD Radeon HD 4870)
Intel or AMD Athlon 64 processor, 3.2GHz
4GB free disk space
Windows installation media
Internet connection required for game installation.
Please use a high resolution display.